Monday, April 16, 2012

sqlite3 - SQL commands

I believe you have installed sqlite3 on your machine.Here are some of the basic sqlite3 commands.

Create a database file/Run sqlite3
$ sqlite3 /home/developer/development.sqlite3 SQLite version 3.7.4 Enter ".help" for instructions Enter SQL statements terminated with a ";" sqlite>

This command creates sqlite database file and connect sqlite3 shell.

Help command to get list of all available commands
sqlite> .help .backup ?DB? FILE Backup DB (default "main") to FILE .bail ON|OFF Stop after hitting an error. Default OFF .databases List names and files of attached databases .dump ?TABLE? ... Dump the database in an SQL text format If TABLE specified, only dump tables matching LIKE pattern TABLE. .echo ON|OFF Turn command echo on or off .exit Exit this program .explain ?ON|OFF? Turn output mode suitable for EXPLAIN on or off. With no args, it turns EXPLAIN on. .header(s) ON|OFF Turn display of headers on or off .help Show this message .import FILE TABLE Import data from FILE into TABLE .indices ?TABLE? Show names of all indices If TABLE specified, only show indices for tables matching LIKE pattern TABLE. .load FILE ?ENTRY? Load an extension library .log FILE|off Turn logging on or off. FILE can be stderr/stdout .mode MODE ?TABLE? Set output mode where MODE is one of: csv Comma-separated values column Left-aligned columns. (See .width) html HTML code insert SQL insert statements for TABLE line One value per line list Values delimited by .separator string tabs Tab-separated values tcl TCL list elements .nullvalue STRING Print STRING in place of NULL values .output FILENAME Send output to FILENAME .output stdout Send output to the screen .prompt MAIN CONTINUE Replace the standard prompts .quit Exit this program .read FILENAME Execute SQL in FILENAME .restore ?DB? FILE Restore content of DB (default "main") from FILE .schema ?TABLE? Show the CREATE statements If TABLE specified, only show tables matching LIKE pattern TABLE. .separator STRING Change separator used by output mode and .import .show Show the current values for various settings .stats ON|OFF Turn stats on or off .tables ?TABLE? List names of tables If TABLE specified, only list tables matching LIKE pattern TABLE. .timeout MS Try opening locked tables for MS milliseconds .width NUM1 NUM2 ... Set column widths for "column" mode .timer ON|OFF Turn the CPU timer measurement on or off sqlite>

DATABASE LIST - To list all database and it's file
sqlite> .databases seq name file --- --------------- ---------------------------------------------------------- 0 main /home/developer/tester.sqlite3 1 temp

SHOW ALL TABLES - To list all tables of database
sqlite> .tables products

SCHEMA - view schema of the table
sqlite> .schema products CREATE TABLE "products" ("id" INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT NOT NULL, "title" varchar(255), "description" text, "image_url" varchar(255), "price" decimal, "created_at" datetime NOT NULL, "updated_at" datetime NOT NULL);

CREATE TABLE - To create a table
sqlite> CREATE TABLE "products" ("id" INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT NOT NULL, "title" varchar(255), "description" text, "image_url" varchar(255), "price" decimal, "created_at" datetime NOT NULL, "updated_at" datetime NOT NULL);

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